Kanyakumari district came in to exixtence in the year 1956 as a result of re-organisation of stateson the basis of vernacular and added in the map of Tamil nadu. It was known as the granary of Travancore due to its vast stratches of Paddy fields, rich forests and abundant mineral sands.
Kanyakumari is one of the 30 administrative districts of Tamil Nadu located in the southern most region of the state. The district shares common boundary with Tirunelveli District on the North and east. The South Eastern boundary is the Gulf of Mannar. On the South and the South West, the boundaries are the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea. On the West and North West it is bounded by Kerala state.
Kanyakumari is the smallest district in Tamil Nadu, with a land spread of 1,684 km² and has varied ecosystems - forests, wetlands, freshwater resources and marine as similar to Kerala.This district has a pleasant climate and has the advantage of both the South-West as well as North-East monsoons. The city has many a charming spot, best being the Cape-comerin, the place of meeting of Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean and Arabian sea. The meeting point of the ocean is the where "Continent ends in a swan-song of broken rocks and mingling oceans
Kanyakumari is regarded as the southern most district of Tamil Nadu. The district lies between 77o 15` and 77o 36` of the eastern longitudes and 8o 03` and 8o 35` of the northern Latitudes.
The four boundary of the district can be described as it is bounded by Tirunelveli District on the North and the east, in South Eastern side there is the Gulf of Mannar. On the South and the South West, the boundaries are the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea. On the West and North West, Kerala bound it.
It was a faith that Kanyakumari district has been named after the Goddess Kanyakumari Amman, who is a well known diety of this district and over throughout the country. The legend is that the Goddess Parvathi is one of her incarnation as 'Devi Kanya' did penance on one of the rocks of this land's end to obtain the hand of Lord Siva
The areas namely Agasteeswarem, Thovalai, Kalkulam and Vilavancode Taluks formed the southern divisions of the former Trivandrum District. The people of these areas were predominantly Tamil speaking. They agitated for the merger of this area with Madras State. Also the States Reorganisation Commission recommended this. Accordingly, the States Reorganization Act was passed on 1956. On 1st November 1956 the Kanyakumari District was formed, with the four Taluks, Viz., Agasteeswarem, Thovalai, Kalkulam and Vilavancode and merged with Tamil Nadu.
In 1729, Anizham Thirunal, the Travancore king expanded his kingdom dome further, after putting down the insurgency of the Ettuveettil Pillamar. He defeated the forces of the Dutch East India Company under Eustachius De Lannoy in 1741 at the Battle of Colachel. In the later part of the 18th century, Chanda Sahib, a rebel commandant related to the Nawab of Arcot attacked Nagercoil and other areas.
Travancore had to contend with such attacks and monetary demands from the Carnatic Nawabs or from their rebellious governors until the English fully supported the state of Travancore. In spite of the troubles encountered in the southern border of Venad, Marthanda Varma expanded the kingdom northwards to Aluva and expanded the kingdom of Travancore. As a result, the present day Kanyakumari District came to be known as Southern Travancore. In 1745, the capital was shifted from Padmanabhapuram to Thiruvananthapuram.
|Kanyakumari District,Tamil Nadu,India|
Climate/Weather of Kanyakumari Districts:
|Kanyakumari has April to June the hottest with temperature reaching out to maximum 350C. November to February is the coolest period with temperature hovering around 210C. Northeast Monsoon brings gentle sweep of rains between October and December.|
History of Kanyakumari Districts:
Kanyakumari District consists of those parts known as locally Nanjil Nadu and Idai Nadu. The names of the villages of the district such as Azhagiapaandipuram, Bhoothapandy, Cholapuram and Kulasekaram reveal that these places were governed by several rulers at difficult periods of time.It is learnt that Nanjilnadu was under the rule of Pandiyas till the early 10th century and then under Cheras.
The Idai nadu including Kalkulam and Vilavancode taluks were under the rule of cheras. When the power of Chola declined due to the rise of Hoysalas and western Chalukyas, the venad (Travancore) Chief tains (the decondants of central Chera's family) took advantage of the situation and gradually established their hold on considerable areas in Nanjilnadu. Veera Kerala varma one such cheif tain and style himself as "Nanjil Kuravan". The annexation commenced by Veera Kerala Varma was to a large extent continued by his successors and completed by 1115 A.D.
For about four centuries, the Venad was ruled by powerful kings who were consistently making incursions into the pandian territories. As a result Vijayanagar kings are proceeded against venad. In 1609 Kanyakumari fell in to the mighty hands of Viswanatha Nayak of Madurai. Consequent on this, there was no series threat to Nanjilnadu, till 1634. During the regime of Ravi varma and Marthanda varma, Venad was disturbed due to the internal strife.
Sanda sahib of Arcot took advantage of this situation and attacked Nanjilnadu. Although Marthanda varma could succeed tje famous battle at Colachel defeating the Dutch armouries who helped the local faudatories, he could ot cope with the threat from Sanda sahib and made him to with draw the battle field. After Marthanda varma, Venad had very weak rulers. Therefore there was frequent interference by the British whose control was completely established over Venad and continued till 1947. From 1947 to 1956, it was under the personal rule of Maharaja of Travancore. During the period between 1956 - 1961, the administrative system has fallen in line with that of other districts in Tamil nadu.
Educational Institutions of Kanyakumari Districts:
Arts & Science:
Annai Veilankanni College, Kanyakumari
Muslim Arts College, Tiruvithamcode, Kanyakumari
Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental Sciences, Kanyakumari
Anna University Tirunelveli, Nagercoil Campus, Nagercoil
Saradha Krishna Homoeopathy Medical College, Kanyakumari
|Tamil, Malayalam (due to its proximity to Kerala) and English are widely spoken by the people.|
The culture is a mixture of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Christianity, Hinduism and Islam are the main religions practiced, with Christians accounting to nearly half of the populace. Some of the communities in the district are Nadars, Nanjil Nadu Vellalars, Paravas, Mukthavas, Vilakki Thalanayar, Kammalar or Asari, Chackarevars, Kerala Mudalis etc.
The festivals of Dharmapuri are varied and add an extra spark of life to the town’s daily lives. Notable among.
Pongal :Like all the other regions of Tamil Nadu, Pongal is one of the most important festivals of Dharmapuri.
Bow or the age-old weapon of warriors paradoxically lends itself to be used as a primary musical instrument for the Villu Pattu artists. Some of the important instruments that are used in these performances can be mentioned as follows Udukku, Kudam, Thala-Kattai etc. Udukku is mentioned in the ancient Tamil literature and it is described as Thudi, which is a small drum with a slender middle portion that is held in the left hand and played by the fingers of the right hand.
This may be seen in the pictures and statues of Lord Nataraja also. Sometimes the Villu Pattu team divides itself into two groups, each trying to prove opposite view points of a subject by conducting the programme by exchange of questions and answers. This is called Lavani Pattu. The songs used by the Villu-Pattu artists are mostly traditional folk songs. This art is transformed by generation after generation. In today`s world folk art is regarded as most ethnic one and this is perfectly transmitted by bow song.
How to reach?
|Nearest Railway Station:Kanyakumari is connected to Trivandrum, Delhi, and Mumbai by broad-gauge railway network.|
|Nearest Airport:Trivandrum, 80 kms away, with regular flights to Bangalore, Mumbai, Cochin, Delhi, Goa, and Madras.|
|Road Transport:It is connected by road to Nagarcoil 19 kms, Trivandrum 86 kms and Tirunelvelli 91 kms with frequent and regular bus service. Bus service to other major tourist destinations in Kerala and Tamil Nadu are available.|
Tourist Attraction of Kanyakumari Districts:
Vivekananda Memorial Rock:
Baywatch Water Amusement Park:
Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation in Kanyakumari Districts:
Tri Sea Hotel:Near Seashore,Kovalam Road, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu,India,Ph:04652 246586
Sea View Hotel:E Car St,Nagercoil, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu,India,Ph:04652 247841
Uday Samudra Beach Hotel:G V Raja Road Samudra Beach,Kovalam,Tamil Nadu,IndiaPh:0471 2485766
|Beach in Tamil Nadu, South India Beaches Sangam is the meeting point of the three major bodies of water, the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. It is a bathing ghat, with steps leading into the water and a sort of lagoon formed between land by a series of rocks. People bathe and jump around, getting lightly battered by the remains of waves, which are washing over the rocks...........................................more|
|The Kumari Amman Temple also known as Kanyakumari Temple is located on the shores and is dedicated to a Goddess the incarnation of Goddess Parvati, the virgin goddess who did penance to obtain Lord Shiva as her husband. The main attraction for tourists from around the world is the scintillating view of the temple and the adjoining ghats, which are sitting pretty on the shoreline. The diamond nose-ring on the statue of the deity adds an enchanting glow to the already shining statue. Famous for its sparkling gleam, it is said to be visible even from the mid of sea...............................................more|
|This is the place where the urn containing the ashes of Mahatma Gandhi was kept before a portion of which was immersed in the three seas. The exemplary temple is located near to the Kumari Amman Temple and is one of the most picturesque spots in Kanyakumari. The temple is build in such a way that on October 2nd, the birth date of Mahatma Gandhi, the rays of sun fall exactly on the spot where the urn containing the ashes is kept. So if possible choose this day to visit this splendid monument and witness the magical moment right in front of your eyes..................................................more|
|Vivekananda Memorial Rock:|
|Situated some 500m away from the mainland Vivekananda Memorial Rock attracts a large number of tourists and was built in the year 1970 in memory the great Swami Vivekananda. It is built on the same spot where Swami Vivekananda spent some of his time meditating. Keeping this in mind, the temple also has a meditation hall. So if you want to get rid of all the worldly tensions, take some time out and sit in the hall meditating all your problems away. From ancient times, even before the temple was built, the rock was considered a sacred place and was known as 'Sripada Parai' meaning that the rock is blessed by the touch of feet of 'Devi Kumari'. Feel the spirituality of the place by sighting the divine footprints of the Goddess, which is visible on the rock.......................................more|
|Padmanabhapuram Palace: It's a large mansion of the Travancore Kings, located around 40kms from Kanyakumari on the road to Thiruvananthapuram. Known for its natural splendor, the main attraction of the palace is its sheer aesthetic beauty, innovative designs and time tested wooden carvings. Known for its strategic planning and military architecture, the palace dates back to 17th or 18th century. Unlike north Indian palaces, it's made of granite and teakwood displaying a perfect combination of clean lines and gentle angles, sloping tiled roofs of various interconnecting buildings. And the Palace has a dining hall, which seated 2000 Brahmins at one time! The palace is excellently maintained by the Archeological Survey of India, which offers a guided tour through the labyrinth of 108 rooms that is expressive of sheer opulence............... ..........................more|
|A small sleepy village Suchindram, located 12 kms from Kanyakumari, is profusely rich in art, culture and architectural heritage. The major spotlight of the place is the famous Sthanumalayan Temple, commonly known as Suchindram temple, which is notably marked for its artistic treasures. The temple is dedicated to a deity who is the representation of the combined forces of Siva, Vishnu and Brahma. It is one of the few temples in the country where the Trinities are worshipped. The temple has a beautiful 134ft tall gopuram, musical pillars and an excellent statue of the Hanuman, apart from valuable artifacts of different periods..........................more|
|Baywatch Water Amusement Park:|
|Baywatch Water Amusement Park The interesting water park has many different types of rides available like the Bumping Car, Crazy Chairs, Giant Wheel, Milky Way, and Multiple Splash. It's open every day of the year and it has many different attractions for adults and children including its world famous wax museum that is the counterpart of Wax Museum at London.......................more|
|Portuguese Church The church with its beautiful archaic structure is a major monument of Christian influence. The massive towering spires and stained glass window panes contribute to the overall grandeur of the Church. The simplicity of the interiors is a sharp contrast to the ornate Gothic exteriors. A walk down to the fishing jetty behind the church is quite interesting especially if the boats have just come in with their catch.......................more|
|Vattakottai Fort It is one of the many forts erected a symbol of military history of India. This small yet charming circular fort on the seashore, 6 kms away from Kanyakumari is an 18th century fort. So, only the ramparts and a few broken down structures of this granite fort have withstood the ravages of time. The isolated beach lined with coconut groves and dense vegetation overlooking the blue waters makes it an idyllic hideaway......................more|
|The famous beach at Muttom is located about 16 kms from Nagercoil and 32 kms from Kanyakumari as well. Muttom is famous for its beautiful landscaping and high rocks dipping into the sea at the beachside. The sun set viewpoint at Muttom is very famous and one of the most Panoramic view points in the district. Another attraction of Muttom is the century old lighthouse built by the British. People come and see all these with full interest.......................more|
|Sanguthurai is a beautiful beach resort and is very convenient for the local population of Nagarcoil. It is only about 10 kms from the city. Unfortunately no infrastructure facilities were available in this beach. The district administration has now sanctioned a project for putting up of a children`s park, seating facility, open huts or Kudils with Terracotta roofs and lighting facility at the beach. These facilities are expected to increase the tourism in the beach site. The entire work has been completed. It is also proposed to put up a few shops for Women Self Help Groups at the site. These will provide eatables for the tourists at the beach side. All these give a colourful impression to the tourists......................more|
|This beach is located at the distance of about 10 Kms from Kanyakumari. This is one of the best natural beaches of the district. The beach has shallow water and High sand dunes on the background. The tourists can reach the beach through the newly laid coastal road, which is a very beautiful drive along the sea-coast. People enjoy the place very much as they visit this with of joy......................more|